How long to cook pork shoulder at 350? If you’re looking for an easy and delicious way to add some flavor to your dinner table, look no further than pork shoulder! This cut of meat is full of flavor and can be cooked in a variety of ways, but the trickiest part may be getting it just right. Fortunately, we’ve got some great tips to help make sure your pork shoulder turns out perfect after an hour-long roast at 350°F.
We’ll give you our best advice on how long to cook this delectable cut so that your family will enjoy every succulent bite. So keep reading for 8 essential tips on how to make the most out of cooking pork shoulder at 350°F!
Types Of Pork Shoulder
Table of Contents
Pork shoulder, also known as pork butt or Boston butt, is one of the most popular cuts of pork for slow cooked dishes. It comes from the upper part of the hog’s foreleg and can be purchased with or without the bone.
1. Picnic Shoulder: This cut of pork is often referred to as picnic shoulder or “picnic roast” because it is commonly used for pulled pork recipes. It includes a bit more fat than other cuts of pork shoulder, which makes it ideal for slow-cooking methods such as smoking and braising.
2. Blade Shoulder: The blade shoulder comes from the top portion of the pigs’ front leg and contains both the blade bone and a generous portion of fat. It is best cooked slowly, either in a slow cooker or braised on the stovetop.
3. Shoulder Roast: The shoulder roast is cut from the top of the pig’s front leg and contains both bone-in and boneless cuts. It has good marbling throughout, making it ideal for slow cooking recipes such as stews, soups and casseroles. When roasted at low temperatures, this cut can produce incredibly tender results.
4. Boston Butt: This cut of pork is also known as blade roast or shoulder butt because it comes from the upper part of the hog’s foreleg. It may contain some bone but has very little fat, so it is best cooked using slow-cooking methods such as braising.
5. Pork Shoulder Steaks: As the name suggests, pork shoulder steaks are cut from the top portion of the pig’s front leg and can be prepared similarly to other steak cuts. They have a good amount of fat which makes them ideal for grilling or pan-searing.
How Long To Cook Pork Shoulder at 350?
When cooking pork shoulder at 350°F, the recommended cook time is about 45 minutes per pound. This will vary depending on the size and type of cut you’re using. For example, a boneless Boston butt or picnic roast will take less time to cook than a bone-in blade shoulder or shoulder roast. To ensure your pork is cooked through, use an instant-read thermometer to check for an internal temperature of 145°F before serving.
It is important to note that pork should always be cooked until it reaches an internal temperature of 145°F in order to kill any bacteria and prevent foodborne illnesses. If you are cooking a large piece of meat, such as a whole porkbutt or roast, you may need to cook it at a lower temperature (250-275°F) and for longer periods of time in order to ensure it is cooked through.
To get the best results, use a slow cooker or Dutch oven to help evenly distribute heat throughout the meat. This will help you achieve juicy, tender pork that has been cooked through without drying it out.
Note: Times may vary depending on the size of your pork shoulder. Here is a rough guide to follow:
– 5 Pound: 3-4 hours
– 8 Pound: 4-5 hours
– 9 Pound: 5-6 hours
– 10 Pound: 5-6 hours
– 11 Pound: 6-7 hours
How To Choose the Right Cut of Pork Shoulder at 350 degrees
When choosing a pork shoulder for cooking at 350 degrees, there are several important factors to consider in order to select the right cut for your recipe. Here are seven key factors to keep in mind:
Pork shoulder should have a good amount of marbling, which is the interspersed fat that provides moisture and flavor during cooking. Look for a cut with even marbling throughout, as this will help to ensure that the meat stays juicy and flavorful throughout the cooking process.
In addition to marbling, you’ll want to consider the overall fat content of the pork shoulder. While some fat is necessary for a juicy and flavorful end result, too much can result in a greasy and unappetizing final dish. A good rule of thumb is to look for a cut with about a quarter inch of fat covering the meat.
The muscle structure of the pork shoulder can also affect the outcome of your dish. Look for a cut with good muscle definition, as this will help to ensure that the meat stays tender and doesn’t fall apart during cooking.
Bone-In or Boneless:
Both bone-in and boneless pork shoulder cuts can be used for cooking at 350 degrees, but each has its own advantages and disadvantages. Bone-in cuts typically have more flavor, but can be more difficult to carve. Boneless cuts are easier to carve, but may have slightly less flavor. Choose based on your personal preference and the requirements of your recipe.
When choosing a pork shoulder, consider the size of the cut. A larger cut will take longer to cook, but will typically be more flavorful and tender. A smaller cut will cook more quickly, but may be less juicy and flavorful. Consider the amount of time you have available and the number of servings you need when choosing a cut size.
Quality of Meat:
Finally, consider the overall quality of the meat. Look for a cut that is a deep, rich red color and has firm, plump flesh. Avoid cuts with discoloration, bruises, or any signs of spoilage.
Pork shoulder is generally an affordable cut of meat, but prices can vary based on factors such as the quality of the meat and the location where it was produced. Consider the cost when choosing a pork shoulder, but don’t sacrifice quality for price. A good-quality cut of pork shoulder will result in a better final dish.
How To Prepare Pork Shoulder before cooking at 350 degree?
Proper preparation of pork shoulder before cooking is essential for ensuring the best results at 350 degrees. Here are five key steps to follow:
Remove any excess fat or gristle from the surface of the pork shoulder. This will help to prevent the meat from becoming greasy or tough during cooking. Use a sharp knife to make precise cuts, and be sure to remove any skin or rind if desired.
Season the pork shoulder generously with a dry rub or marinade of your choice. The seasoning will help to enhance the natural flavors of the meat and create a delicious crust on the surface during cooking. Be sure to use a balanced mixture of spices and herbs, and allow enough time for the seasonings to penetrate the meat before cooking.
Allow the pork shoulder to come to room temperature before cooking. This will help to ensure even cooking and prevent the meat from drying out. Take the pork shoulder out of the refrigerator and let it sit at room temperature for about 30 minutes to an hour before cooking.
Oil or Fat:
Add a small amount of oil or fat to the surface of the pork shoulder to help prevent it from sticking to the pan during cooking. A light coating of oil or melted fat will also help to create a crispy crust on the surface of the meat.
Tie the pork shoulder into a tight, compact shape using kitchen twine. This will help to ensure even cooking and prevent the meat from drying out during the long cooking process. Tying the pork shoulder will also make it easier to carve and serve after cooking.
How to Cook Pork Shoulder at 350 Degrees?
- Pork shoulder, 4-6 pounds (bone-in or boneless)
- Salt, 1-2 teaspoons
- Pepper, 1-2 teaspoons
- Olive oil or other cooking oil, 2-3 tablespoons
- Your choice of dry rub or marinade (optional), as needed
- Roasting pan or baking dish with a lid, large enough to accommodate the pork shoulder
- Meat thermometer
- Kitchen twine (if cooking a bone-in pork shoulder)
- Aluminum foil
- Cutting board and sharp knife
Preheat oven: Preheat your oven to 350 degrees Fahrenheit. Allow the oven to reach the desired temperature before adding the pork shoulder to ensure even cooking.
Season and oil: Season the pork shoulder with salt, pepper, and your choice of dry rub or marinade (if using). Rub the seasonings into the meat, then brush the surface of the pork shoulder with oil.
Prepare pan: Place the pork shoulder in a roasting pan or baking dish, fat-side up. If cooking a bone-in pork shoulder, tie the meat with kitchen twine to help it hold its shape during cooking.
Cover with foil: Cover the roasting pan with a lid or aluminum foil, sealing the edges tightly to prevent any steam from escaping.
Bake: Place the roasting pan in the oven and bake the pork shoulder at 350 degrees for 2-3 hours, or until the internal temperature of the meat reaches 145-165 degrees Fahrenheit. Check the internal temperature of the pork shoulder every hour, and rotate the pan if necessary to ensure even cooking.
Remove foil: Remove the lid or foil from the roasting pan, and increase the oven temperature to 400 degrees Fahrenheit. Continue baking the pork shoulder, uncovered, for an additional 30-45 minutes, or until the surface of the meat is crispy and caramelized.
Rest and carve: Remove the pork shoulder from the oven and let it rest for 10-15 minutes before carving. Use a sharp knife to slice the pork shoulder into portions, and serve hot.
Times To Cook pork shoulder At 350F With Tools
The cooking time for pork shoulder at 350 degrees Fahrenheit will vary depending on several factors, including the size of the pork shoulder and the desired level of tenderness. In general, you can expect to cook a 4-6 pound boneless pork shoulder for 2-3 hours, or a bone-in pork shoulder for 3-4 hours, at 350 degrees.
To determine when your pork shoulder is fully cooked, you’ll need a meat thermometer. The internal temperature of the pork shoulder should reach 145-165 degrees Fahrenheit, which indicates that the meat is fully cooked and safe to eat. When checking the temperature, insert the thermometer into the thickest part of the meat, avoiding any bones.
The cooking time for pork shoulder at 350 degrees can also be influenced by the type of oven and the presence of a lid or foil. A convection oven may cook the pork shoulder more quickly than a standard oven, so be sure to check the internal temperature regularly. And, if using a lid or foil to cover the roasting pan, the cooking time may be slightly longer.
The cooking time for pork shoulder can vary depending on the method used, the size of the roast, and the desired result. Below, we’ll examine four common cooking methods for pork shoulder and their estimated cooking times.
- Grilling: Grilling is a popular method for cooking pork shoulder, as it imparts a delicious smoky flavor and crisp exterior to the meat. On the grill, a 4-5 pound pork shoulder roast will take around 2 hours to cook thoroughly.
- Oven Roasting: Roasting in the oven is a convenient method for cooking pork shoulder as it allows for easy monitoring of the internal temperature. A 6-8 pound pork shoulder roast cooked in the oven will typically take about 3 hours to fully cook.
- Stovetop Cooking: Cooking pork shoulder on the stovetop is a slow and gentle process that yields a tender and flavorful result. A 9-10 pound pork shoulder roast cooked on the stovetop will take approximately 4 hours to fully cook.
- Microwave Cooking: While not a traditional method, microwave cooking can be a quick option for cooking a small pork shoulder roast. A 4-5 pound pork shoulder roast cooked in the microwave will take approximately 1 hour to fully cook.
How to serve with pork shoulder?
Pulled Pork Sandwiches: One of the most popular ways to serve pork shoulder is as a pulled pork sandwich. Simply shred the cooked meat and serve on a bun with your favorite barbecue sauce and toppings.
Pork Tacos: Pork shoulder can be chopped or shredded and served in tacos with a variety of toppings, such as shredded lettuce, cheese, salsa, and avocado.
Pork Ragu: Pork shoulder can be slow-cooked in a flavorful tomato sauce to make a rich and hearty pork ragu, which can be served over pasta or polenta.
Pork Chili: Pork shoulder can be cubed and added to a hearty chili for a delicious and filling meal. Serve with rice, cornbread, or a side of corn chips.
Pork Carnitas: Pork carnitas are a traditional Mexican dish made by slow-cooking pork shoulder until tender, then crisp it up in a hot skillet before serving. They can be served in tacos, burritos, or on their own with a side of beans and rice.
Pork Stir-Fry: Cubed pork shoulder can be stir-fried with vegetables, such as bell peppers, onion, and garlic, for a quick and easy dinner. Serve over rice or noodles.
Pork Roast: Pork shoulder can also be roasted whole for a traditional dinner. Serve with your favorite side dishes, such as roasted vegetables, mashed potatoes, or a salad.
What is the best way to cook pork shoulder?
The best way to cook pork shoulder depends on personal preferences and the desired outcome. Some popular methods include slow-roasting in the oven, smoking on the grill, braising on the stovetop, or pressure cooking.
Each method has its own set of pros and cons, and the final result will be influenced by factors such as the size of the roast, the desired texture and flavor, and the amount of time available for cooking.
Slow-roasting in the oven is a straightforward method that requires minimal preparation. Simply season the roast, place it in a roasting pan with a small amount of liquid, and let it cook in a low-heat oven (around 325°F) for several hours until the meat is fork-tender. This method is best for larger roasts, as the long cooking time allows the flavors to develop and the meat to become incredibly tender.
Smoking on the grill is a popular method for adding rich, smoky flavor to the pork shoulder. This method requires a dedicated smoker or a charcoal grill with a built-in smoker box. The meat is seasoned and placed in the smoker, and low heat (around 225°F) is maintained for several hours until the internal temperature reaches 195°F.
Braising on the stovetop is a method that involves browning the pork shoulder on the stove, then simmering it in a flavorful liquid (such as stock, wine, or beer) for several hours until the meat is tender. This method is best for smaller roasts, as the liquid helps to keep the meat moist and prevents it from drying out.
Pressure cooking is a relatively new method for cooking pork shoulder, and is growing in popularity due to its speed and ease. The pork shoulder is placed in a pressure cooker with a small amount of liquid, and cooked under high pressure for a short period of time (usually around 30 minutes).
This method is best for small roasts, as the high pressure helps to break down the tough connective tissue in the meat, resulting in a tender final product.
8 Tips For Making Perfect Pork Shoulder at 350
Here are 8 expert tips for making perfect pork shoulder at 350 degrees.
Choose the Right Cut: Select a well-marbled pork shoulder with a good ratio of fat to meat for the most flavorful and juicy results.
Season Well: Season the pork shoulder generously with a blend of spices and herbs to enhance the flavor of the meat. Consider using a dry rub or marinade to add extra flavor.
Preheat the Oven: Preheat the oven to 350 degrees Fahrenheit to ensure that the meat cooks evenly and at the right temperature.
Sear the Meat: Sear the pork shoulder in a hot skillet on the stovetop before transferring it to the oven. This helps to lock in the juices and create a crispy exterior.
Use a Meat Thermometer: Use a meat thermometer to ensure that the internal temperature of the pork shoulder reaches 145 degrees Fahrenheit, which is the safe minimum temperature for fully cooked pork.
Let it Rest: Once the pork shoulder has finished cooking, allow it to rest for 10-15 minutes before slicing. This allows the juices to redistribute, resulting in a juicier and more flavorful final product.
Slice Against the Grain: When slicing the pork shoulder, be sure to slice against the grain for the most tender and juicy results.
Store Properly: Store any leftover pork shoulder in an airtight container in the refrigerator for up to 3-4 days, or freeze for longer storage.
How to store cooked pork shoulder at 350?
Here are four expert methods for storing cooked pork shoulder at 350 degrees.
The most common method for storing cooked pork shoulder is in the refrigerator. Wrap the pork shoulder tightly in plastic wrap or aluminum foil and place it in an airtight container to prevent contamination and minimize air exposure. Cooked pork shoulder can be stored in the refrigerator for up to 4 days.
Cooked pork shoulder can also be frozen for longer storage. Wrap the pork shoulder tightly in plastic wrap or aluminum foil and place it in a freezer-safe airtight container. Cooked pork shoulder can be stored in the freezer for up to 4 months.
Vacuum sealing is another option for storing cooked pork shoulder. This method removes all of the air from the package and creates an airtight seal, preventing oxidation and extending the shelf life of the meat. Cooked pork shoulder can be stored in a vacuum-sealed bag in the refrigerator or freezer.
Sous vide is a method of cooking food in a temperature-controlled water bath, and it can also be used for storing cooked pork shoulder. Simply place the cooked pork shoulder in a sous vide bag, vacuum-seal the bag, and store it in the refrigerator or freezer. Sous vide storage allows for precise temperature control and helps to preserve the texture and flavor of the pork shoulder.
How to reheat pork shoulder at 350?
Reheating in the Oven:
The oven is one of the best methods for reheating cooked pork shoulder. Preheat the oven to 350 degrees Fahrenheit, then place the pork shoulder in a baking dish and cover it with aluminum foil. Heat for 10-15 minutes or until an internal temperature of 165 degrees Fahrenheit is reached.
Reheating on the Stovetop:
To reheat on the stovetop, heat a large skillet over medium-high heat and add enough oil to coat the bottom of the pan. Place the pork shoulder slices into the skillet and cook for about 5 minutes per side, or until heated through and an internal temperature of 165 degrees Fahrenheit is reached.
Reheating in the Microwave:
The microwave is one of the quickest ways to reheat cooked pork shoulder. Place the slices in a microwave-safe dish and heat on high power for 1-2 minutes, or until an internal temperature of 165 degrees Fahrenheit is reached. Be sure to cover the pork with a moist paper towel to help retain moisture while heating.
Reheating Using Sous Vide:
Sous vide is another great method for reheating cooked pork shoulder. Place the pork shoulder in a sous vide bag and add enough water to cover it completely.
Heat the water bath to 145 degrees Fahrenheit and cook for about 30 minutes, or until an internal temperature of 165 degrees Fahrenheit is reached. This method ensures that your pork shoulder is heated evenly and retains its original texture and flavor.
8 Common Mistakes To Avoid When Cooking Pork Shoulder at 350
Cooking a pork shoulder roast can be a bit of a challenge, especially if you’re new to the game. However, with a little bit of knowledge and the right approach, you can make a perfectly cooked pork shoulder that is juicy, tender, and delicious. Here are 8 common mistakes to avoid when cooking pork shoulder at 350 degrees:
Not Trimming Excess Fat:
Trimming excess fat from your pork shoulder before cooking can help reduce the overall cooking time and improve the final flavor. Leaving too much fat on the roast can also lead to a greasy, unappetizing end product.
When it comes to seasoning your pork shoulder, it’s easy to go overboard. Be mindful of the flavors you’re adding, and be sure not to overpower the natural flavor of the meat.
Not Allowing Enough Time To Rest:
After cooking your pork shoulder, it’s important to let it rest for at least 10-15 minutes. This allows the juices to redistribute throughout the meat, resulting in a juicy and tender end product.
Not Cooking It Low and Slow:
Pork shoulder is best cooked low and slow, at a temperature of around 350 degrees. This allows the meat to break down slowly and tenderize, resulting in a juicy and flavorful final product.
Not Basting Regularly:
Basting your pork shoulder regularly with a flavorful liquid, such as a combination of oil and vinegar, can help keep the meat moist and add extra flavor.
Not Monitoring the Internal Temperature:
Using a meat thermometer to monitor the internal temperature of your pork shoulder is essential. This will help you avoid over-cooking or under-cooking the meat, and ensure that it’s fully cooked to a safe temperature of 145 degrees Fahrenheit.
Not Adding a Finishing Sauce:
Adding a finishing sauce, such as a glaze or BBQ sauce, can help add an extra layer of flavor to your pork shoulder. Be sure to brush the sauce on during the last 10-15 minutes of cooking.
Not Letting it Cool Completely:
It’s important to let your pork shoulder cool completely before slicing it, as this will help to ensure that the meat stays juicy and tender. Letting it sit at room temperature for 10-15 minutes before slicing will give the juices time to redistribute.
FAQs about how long to cook pork shoulder at 350
What is the recommended cooking time for a pork shoulder at 350°F?
The cooking time for a pork shoulder at 350°F depends on its size, shape, and whether it’s a bone-in or boneless cut. Generally speaking, a 4-5 pound pork shoulder will take approximately 2 hours to cook on the grill, 3 hours in the oven, 4 hours on the stovetop, and 1 hour in the microwave.
How do I know if my pork shoulder is fully cooked at 350°F?
A pork shoulder is fully cooked when its internal temperature reaches 145°F, which can be checked with a meat thermometer. It’s important to let the meat rest for at least 10 minutes after cooking to allow the internal temperature to rise and the juices to redistribute, resulting in a juicy and tender cut of meat.
Can I cook a frozen pork shoulder at 350°F?
It is not recommended to cook a frozen pork shoulder at 350°F as it increases the risk of uneven cooking, potentially leading to undercooked or even unsafe meat. It’s best to thaw the pork shoulder completely in the refrigerator before cooking.
Is it okay to baste my pork shoulder while it’s cooking at 350°F?
Basting your pork shoulder while it’s cooking can help keep it moist, but it’s important to do so carefully to avoid contamination. Use a clean basting brush or a clean spoon, and avoid touching the meat with your hands to prevent the spread of bacteria.
Is it okay to cover my pork shoulder while it’s cooking at 350°F?
Covering your pork shoulder while it’s cooking can help trap heat and moisture, resulting in a juicy and tender cut of meat. However, it’s important to remove the cover for the last 20-30 minutes of cooking to allow the skin to crisp up and brown.
Can I add a sauce to my pork shoulder while it’s cooking at 350°F?
You can add a sauce to your pork shoulder while it’s cooking, but it’s important to do so carefully to avoid contamination. Brush the sauce onto the meat using a clean brush or spoon, and avoid touching the meat with your hands to prevent the spread of bacteria.
Can I cook a pork shoulder at 350°F without a meat thermometer?
While a meat thermometer is the most accurate way to determine if a pork shoulder is fully cooked, you can also judge its doneness by using a fork to gently prod the meat. If the meat is tender and easily falls apart, it’s fully cooked. If the meat is still tough, it needs more time to cook.
How long does a cooked pork shoulder last in the refrigerator?
A cooked pork shoulder will last in the refrigerator for up to 4 days, stored in an airtight container. It’s important to refrigerate the meat as soon as possible after cooking to prevent the growth of harmful bacteria.
How long should I cook a 4-5 lb pork shoulder at 350 degrees?
A 4-5 lb pork shoulder should be cooked for approximately3-4 hours at 350 degrees. This is an estimated cooking time and can vary slightly based on various factors such as the type of oven, the thickness of the roast, and the desired level of doneness. To ensure the pork shoulder is fully cooked, you should use a meat thermometer to check the internal temperature. The USDA recommends an internal temperature of 145°F for fully cooked pork.
Is it better to cook a pork shoulder low and slow or hot and fast?
Cooking a pork shoulder low and slow is generally considered the best method as it allows the meat to become tender and flavorful. When cooked at a low temperature for an extended period of time, the connective tissues in the meat break down, resulting in a tender and juicy roast. Cooking a pork shoulder hot and fast can result in a tougher and drier roast.
What should I do if my pork shoulder isn’t fully cooked after the recommended cooking time?
If your pork shoulder isn’t fully cooked after the recommended cooking time, simply return it to the oven and continue cooking until the internal temperature reaches 145°F. Keep in mind that cooking times can vary based on various factors, such as the size and shape of the roast, the oven temperature, and the starting temperature of the meat.
Can I cook a frozen pork shoulder at 350 degrees?
No, it is not recommended to cook a frozen pork shoulder at 350 degrees. Cooking frozen meat can result in uneven cooking and can potentially lead to foodborne illness. To ensure safe and proper cooking, it is best to thaw the pork shoulder in the refrigerator before cooking.
Conclusion about how long to cook pork shoulder at 350
Cooking a pork shoulder roast at 350 degrees is the best way to ensure that the meat is juicy, tender, and flavorful. Cooking time will vary depending on the size of your roast, but a good rule of thumb is to cook it for 45 minutes per pound.
Be sure to monitor the internal temperature with a meat thermometer and let it rest before slicing. Taking these steps will help you achieve perfectly cooked pork shoulder every time.
I’m Leon Todd and my passion for cooking is my life goal. I’m the owner and operator of Davieschuckwagon.com, a website that specializes in providing high-quality cooking information and resources. I love to experiment with new flavors and techniques in the kitchen, and I’m always looking for ways to improve my skills.
I worked my way up through the ranks, taking on more challenging roles in the kitchen. I eventually became a head chef.
Cooking is more than just a job to me – it’s a passion that I want to share with the world.